Specialist Degree in Clinical and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

Submission of applications:
Start: September, 2017
End: July, 2017.

2 years (Full-time study)

Information session
Coming soon.

Duration: 200 hours


Comillas Pontifical University, in collaboration with the School of the Free Teaching of Psychoanalysis (Elipsis), promote, direct and develop the Specialist Degree in Clinical and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy.

A particularly clinical course intended for an active, flexible, integrative psychotherapeutic training in psychoanalysis with cognitive psychology and neuroscience. The teaching does not to inform in general about what psychotherapy is, but is instead oriented towards learning the skills required to effectively practice it. It is based on an integrative model that reflects the profound changes that have occurred modern psychoanalysis, which clearly differs from the classical, with recent developments in cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Faced with the indiscriminate technical guidelines that do not consider the type of patient, the questions that guide the therapeutic approach are: What kind of interventions for which patients? For what phase of treatment? With what frequency of therapeutic sessions? For what duration of treatment? Should be at an institution or in private?

Private Specialist Degree in Clinical and Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy:

Who is it intended for?

Doctors and psychologists.

Admission Requirements

Advanced degree.


2 years, 200 hours in total.

Classes begin

October 2017.


For the 2016-17 academic year, the price for each year of the course will be €1,620.

Broken down into:

  • Enrollment: €252
  • 9 monthly payments of €152

Professional application

Clinical and therapeutic applications


ELIPSIS. C/ Diego de León, 44, 3º Izda. 28006 Madrid

Academic Director

Professor Dr. Hugo Bleichmar Berman.

Submission of applications:

From June 2017 to September 2017

ELIPSIS. C/ Diego de León, 44, 3º Izda. 28006 Madrid

Documents required for submission of applications:

  • Photocopy of degree certificate proving eligibility for Specialist Degree
  • Two photographs
  • Photocopy if identification document

Information point

ELIPSIS. School of the Free Teaching of Psychoanalysis.
C/ Diego de León, 44, 3º Izda.
28006 Madrid
Tel: +34 91 411 24 42 y +34 91 564 62 27
Fax: +34 91 564 50 55
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dean's Office of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
C/ Universidad Comillas, 3 (Cantoblanco)
28049 Madrid
Tel: +34 91 734 39 50 Ext. 2620
Fax: +34 91 734 45 70
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Teaching methods

Discussion of psychotherapy of texts, presentation of clinical material, review of interview and treatment videos, supervision of psychotherapy sessions

Additional online bibliographic material published in the magazine "Aperturas Psicoanalíticas" (Psychoanalytic Openings) www.aperturas.org



Options for internships with centers arranged by the University (12 de Octubre Hospital, Gregorio Marañón Hospital, Montreal Center Day Hospital).

Current psychoanalytic theory and techniques

  • Detailed guidance for clinical psychotherapy interviews - which parameters to observe. Dual diagnosis in psychopathology: based on levels and categories
  • Relational psychoanalysis. The role of intersubjectivity in the organization of character and pathology. Intergenerational transmission of pathology
  • Motivational systems that organize behavior, types of desires: sexuality/sensuality, self-preservation, hetero-conservation, attachment, psychobiological regulation, narcissism
  • Multiple forms of unconscious processing and relevant types of therapeutic interventions for them. The unconscious according to psychoanalysis and according to cognitive psychology
  • Psychological conflict: multiple identities and desires that make up normal and pathological personalities
  • The structure of the psyche: id, ego, and superego
  • The relationship of the individual with themselves: covert relationships, self-harm versus self-care

Anxiety and defense mechanisms

  • Persecutory, depressive, narcissistic, fragmentation and confusion anxieties. Intra-psychic and interpersonal conditions that activate them
  • Intra-psychic defenses and interpersonal defenses. Emotional blockages, dissociative symptoms. Dissociation as a basic mechanism different to repression
  • Characterological defenses: obsessive, phobic avoidant, schizoid, histrionic and paranoid personalities
  • Narcissistic defenses. Feelings of shame, its defenses and compensations

Symptom formation

  • Neurosis: obsessions, phobias, hysteria
  • Borderline disorders: their diversity. Impulsive behavior, risk of self-harm, suicide attempts
  • Psychotic disorders

Narcissistic disorders: self-esteem

  • Development of normal and pathological narcissism
  • Classifying narcissistic disorders
  • Pathological modalities of compensatory narcissism

Attachment and bonding disorders

  • Modalities of attachment subtypes (secure, insecure, disorganized, etc.) and their manifestations in the therapeutic relationship

Depressive disorders

  • Subtypes of depression, origin, strengthening conditions
  • Intra-psychic and interpersonal causes of depression. The role of the external figure

Eating disorders

  • Subtypes of anorexia and bulimia. Origin, maintenance, intra-psychic and interpersonal causes
  • The role of family and culture in eating disorders

Addiction disorders

  • Alcohol, drug, gambling, sexual: common and differentiating factors

The pathogenic role of trauma. Mental, physical, sexual abuse

  • Their effects on different motivational systems
  • Emotional dysregulation
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder: subtypes

Superego and its relation to interpersonal pathology

  • Feelings of guilt, their multiple causes: defensive internalization of guilt
  • Masochism, self-destructive behaviors
  • Sadism
  • Dependent personality
  • Emotional slavery, love dependency, its causes

Aggression and its pathology

  • The aggressive patient. Overt and covert aggression
  • Conditions that trigger aggression
  • Intra-psychic and interpersonal consequences

Sexuality and gender identity

  • Gender identity. Sexual desire
  • Male and female sexuality
  • Sexual dysfunction

Psychosomatic disorders: myths and current research

Couple and family

  • Object of desire, normal and pathological infatuation
  • Differences between attachment and intimacy
  • Others as compensation for deficits in personality structure
  • Complementary and symmetric pathology in couples
  • Individuation/symbiosis in couples and family


From the beginning of the course, for each of the psychopathological conditions being studied, forms of therapeutic intervention for them are proposed

  • Active psychotherapy. The modular-transformational approach and its integration with cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Use of different types of interventions.
  • Matches in/differences between the subjectivity of the therapist and the patient (their desires, anxieties, etc.) as variables that determine the course of treatment.
  • Most frequent forms of resistance in treatment (narcissistic negativism, blockages due to persecutory anxieties, defenses against bonding, masochistic tendencies, aggressiveness, etc.). Therapeutic interventions designed to overcome them.
  • Various forms of therapeutic intervention: interpreting, signaling, confrontation, story reconstruction. The role of procedural memory.
  • Content and type of therapeutic interventions. The semantic and emotional level in the therapeutic exchange. Emotionality of the therapist: its role in psychotherapy.
  • Cognitive restructuring and emotional regulation.
  • Change through insight and change in action.
  • Beyond interpretation: the changing role of different types of therapeutic bonds.
  • Brief psychotherapy modalities.
  • The dynamic-structural focus and thematic focus in psychotherapy.

Treatment according to different schools

  • Differences in treatment between the Freudian, Kleinian, Lacanian and self psychology (Kohut) orientations. Contributions and limitations of each
  • The therapeutic techniques of the different interpersonalist, liaison and intersubjectivist schools.
  • Integration in psychoanalytic psychotherapy: psychoanalysis, cognitive psychology, neuroscience.
  • Indications and contraindications, according to each individual case, of the various types of therapeutic interventions.

Brief psychotherapy

  • In hospital
  • In private practice
  • Crisis intervention

Family and couple psychotherapy

  • The family as a system: how to intervene in different types of family
  • The process of separation/individuation in the course of family treatment
  • Common forms of treatment resistance

Application of psychodynamic understanding to study and intervention in institutions: school, hospital, health center, community.

© Universidad Pontificia Comillas | C. Alberto Aguilera 23 Madrid-28015 - Tel.:(+34) 91 542 28 00 oia@comillas.edu

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